Phonemes



Consonants

IPA

FaceFX

X-SAMPA

Manner

Place

Voicing

Examples

P

p

Plosive

Bilabial

Voiceless

/p/rint, s/p/in, ti/p/

B

b

Plosive

Bilabial

Voiced

/b/oot, a/b/out

T

t

Plosive

Alveolar

Voiceless

/t/ry, /t/oday

D

d

Plosive

Alveolar

Voiceled

/d/og, bombe/d/

K

k

Plosive

Velar

Voiceless

/c/at, s/k/in

G

g

Plosive

Velar

Voiced

/g/um, ba/g/

M

m

Nasal

Bilabial

-

/m/ore, botto/m/

N

n

Nasal

Alveolar

-

/n/i/n/e, pla/n/

NG

N

Nasal

Velar

-

si/ng/, ba/n/k

 

RA

r

Trill

Alveolar

-

Spanish pe/rr/o

RU

R

Trill

Uvular

-

French /r/ue, German /R/echt

FLAP

4

Flap

Alveolar

Voiceless

wa/t/er

PH

p/

Fricative

Bilabial

Voiceless

Japanese /f/uhai.

F

f

Fricative

Labiodental

Voiceless

/f/arm, ta/ff/y

V

v

Fricative

Labiodental

Voiced

/v/isit, ra/v/e

TH

T

Fricative

Dental

Voiceless

/th/ing, ba/th/

DH

D

Fricative

Dental

Voiced

/th/is, /th/e

S

s

Fricative

Alveolar

Voiceless

/s/it, pa/ss/

Z

z

Fricative

Alveolar

Voiced

/z/oo, ro/s/es

SH

S

Fricative

Postalveolar

Voiceless

/sh/oe, pa/ssi/on, dona/ti/on

ZH

Z

Fricative

Postalveolar

Voiced

trea/s/ure, mira/ge/

CX

C

Fricative

Palatal

Voiceless

/h/uman (some English dialects). German i/ch/

X

x

Fricative

Velar

Voiceless

/Ch/anukah.

GH

G

Fricative

Velar

Voiced

Japanese ha/g/e

HH

h

Fricative

Glottal

Voiceless

/h/appy, a/h/ead (murmured)

R

r

Approximant

Alveolar

-

/r/ed

Y

j

Approximant

Palatal

-

/y/ou, /y/esterday.

L

l

Lateral Approximant

Alveolar

-

/l/ip, p/l/ease

W

w

Approximant

Labial-velar

-

/w/ater, /w/alk

H

H

Approximant

Labial-palatal

-

Not in English. French /hu/it, Mandarin Chinese yue

TS

ts

Affricate

Alveolar

Voiceless

pi/zz/a, German /z/ehn, Schni/tz/el

CH

tS

Affricate

Postalveolar

Voiceless

/ch/ip.

JH

dZ

Affricate

Postalveolar

Voiced

/g/irrafe, /j/ump

Vowels

IPA

FaceFX

X-SAMPA

Height

Backness

Roundedness

Diacritic

Examples

IY

i

Close

Front

Unrounded

-

b/ee/t, French f/i/n/i/

E

e

Close-mid

Front

Unrounded

-

b/e/d (AuE and NzE), French beaut/é/, German S/ee/le

EN

e~

Close-mid

Front

Unrounded

-

French /ain/si

EH

E

Open-mid

Front

Unrounded

-

b/e/d (GA), French b/ê/te, German b/e/tt

A

a

Open

Front

Unrounded

-

c/u/t (AuE and NzE), French r/a/t, German r/a/tte, Spanish r/a/t/a/

AA

A

Open

Back

Unrounded

-

sp/a/ (RP & GA), h/o/t (GA), French p/â/te

AAN

A~

Open

Back

Unrounded

Nasalized

French qu/and/, French /un/

AO

O

Open-mid

Back

Rounded

-

b/a/ll (RP), h/o/t (AuE & NzE), French s/o/rt, German v/o/ll

AON

O~

Open-mid

Back

Rounded

Nasalized

French s/on/

O

o

Close-mid

Back

Rounded

-

b/a/ll (AuE and NzE), French rés/eau/, German K/oh/l

ON

o~

Close-mid

Back

Rounded

Nasalized

French m/an/teau

UW

u

Close

Back

Rounded

-

b/oo/t (RP and GA). French f/ou/

UY

y

Close

Front

Rounded

-

Not in English. French ch/u/te.

EU

2

Close-mid

Front

Rounded

-

Not in English. French p/eu/, German sch/ö/n

OE

9

Open-mid

Front

Rounded

-

German H/ö/lle

OEN

9~

Open-mid

Front

Rounded

Nasalized

French j/eu/ne

AH

V

Open-mid

Back

Unrounded

-

n/u/t (RP & GA), Korean b/eo/l

IH

I

Near-close

Near-front

Unrounded

-

b/i/t (GA, RP, AuE)

UU

Y

Near-close

Near-front

Rounded

-

Not in English. German h/ü/bsch

UH

U

Near-close

Near-back

Rounded

-

h/oo/k. German Sch/u/tz, Swedish.

AX

@

Mid

Central

-

-

/a/bout, syn/o/nym, /uh/.

UX

6

Near-open

Central

-

-

c/u/t (CaE), German de/r/.

AE

{

Near-open

Front

Unrounded

-

f/a/t (GA, RP, AuE)

ER

3

Open-mid

Central

Unrounded

-

English p/er/fect (GA), f/ur/ (RP and AuE)

AXR

@'

Mid

Central

-

Rhotacized

butt/er/

EXR

3'

Open-mid

Central

-

Rhotacized

f/ur/

Dipthongs

Note: Dipthongs are split into component vowels, so mappings for dipthongs is irrelevant.

IPA

FaceFX

X-SAMPA

First

Second

Examples

EY

EI

EH

IH

pl/ay/

AW

aU

A

UH

ab/ou/t

AY

aI

A

IH

b/i/te

OY

OI

O

IH

b/oy/

OW

@U

AX

UH

b/oa/t

 

Version Number: 
2010